- 'Rollers' who are called such because they roll the dung into balls
- 'Tunnelers' because they tunnel under the dung and bury it in the the tunnels they make in the soil
- "Dwellers' because they basically live or dwell in the dung
Untouched / fresh dung pat
Early Stages of Dung Beetle Activity
Here you can see evidence of the tunneling activity on the edge of the cattle pat.
Tunneling Through the Dung
The above photograph was taken of the preceding cattle pat after most of the top was moved away. Clearly evident is one of the tunnels through the manure, as is one of the beetles (partially covered). We've been able to flip over some of the pats at this stage and have seen entrances to the tunnels that are in some cases every 2 to 3 cm or so, quite evenly spread.
Dung Tunnel Close-up
Dung Beetle in Close-up
Here's a better picture of one of the species of dung beetle. It's similar in appearance in some ways to a Christmas beetle and about 2/3rds the size.
Pat as Dung Beetle Activity Subsides
Pat After Dung Beetle Activity Has Ceased
Here you can see just how well the dung has been dispersed. Eggs will have been laid in the below-ground stores of dung. Aside from assisting in enhanced mineral cycling the beetles also dramatically reduce the scope for flies to lay eggs in the dung.